Posted June 17, 2015
Auto-enrolment: infrequently asked questions
A guide to the finer points of auto-enrolment
The process of auto-enrolment continues to rumble on quietly with the majority of companies passing their staging dates without major incident. However, for the few that fail to comply with their workplace obligations, the consequences can be costly in time and resources.
The Pensions Regulator has released its latest quarterly bulletin on auto-enrolment, showing that the number of fixed penalties given out in 2015 has exceeded the amount handed out in the last 3 months of 2014. As part of the bulletin, the regulator identified what it sees as the 3 main ways to prevent non-compliance:
- employers should seek professional advice about the technical aspects of the auto-enrolment process
- promoting awareness that all employers are likely to have at least some duties that need to be completed
- making sure employers know that they, not the scheme provider, is responsible for calculating contributions and making the correct deductions from staff.
It seems that while most companies are broadly aware of what auto-enrolment means for them, it is in the details that some businesses stumble into problems. To help overcome this deficit, here are some of the not so frequently asked, yet still important, questions about the auto-enrolment process.
Can staging dates be moved?
A company’s staging date is the day when their auto-enrolment duties begin. Businesses need to prepare for this date by choosing a pension scheme, enrolling relevant employees, calculating the contributions and deductions, and informing your employees.
Staging dates are based on your PAYE reference, but once you have been handed the date is it possible to move it?
Every employer is able to bring their staging date forward to help align it with other important dates for the business such as the start of the new financial year. This can be done by notifying The Pensions Regulator through their website.
In order to shift the date forward you will need:
- the unique 10 digit code that is listed on all your correspondence from the regulator regarding auto-enrolment (you will not have a code if your original date is over 12 months away)
- your PAYE reference
- a Government Gateway user ID.
It is also possible to postpone workers pension contributions by up to 3 months for all or some of your staff. This may be useful if you have temporary or short-term staff whose contracts are ending before the 3 months roll round.
Auto-enrolment can be postponed from the original staging date, although employers are required to write to all affected staff to inform them of the delay.
Although there are a few technical details involved, your staging date is not set in stone.
How much is auto-enrolment likely to cost?
Another aspect of the auto-enrolment process that has not been widely discussed is how much implementation and compliance is likely to cost. There are likely to be a number of new costs that emerge from the process.
Costs associated with auto-enrolment are:
- higher rates of employer contributions to match the likely higher numbers of employees belonging to a pension scheme
- current employer contributions may need to be raised in order to meet the legal contribution requirements
- on-going administration of the system as well as the processing of new starters and leavers
- any new software required
- resources and time dedicated to setting the direction, selecting the scheme and ensuring compliance.
Who is responsible for doing the calculations?
The pension scheme that you choose for your auto-enrolment programme will need to meet certain legal requirements. These include:
- enrolling employees from their first working day
- allowing for employer and employee minimum legal requirements
- being UK tax registered.
Note that it is not a legal requirement to seek consent from employees before auto-enrolling them onto the workplace scheme.
Whether you decide to go with the government-backed National Employment Savings Trust or a private scheme, the question as to who exactly needs to do what remains.
No matter what scheme you choose, as an employer you are responsible for the following:
- deducting employee contributions and paying these on time (you risk being fined otherwise)
- keeping specific records of staff gross earnings and contributions, any changes to these figures and details of anyone joining or leaving the scheme.
In order to keep on the right side of the regulator and remain free of any fines, companies need to provide them with details of:
- the scheme you have registered with
- the scheme return
- any breaches of the law that have occurred
- any notable events
- any changes to the scheme or the transfer to a new one.
It is an important detail of the auto-enrolment process that the majority of pension-related duties remain with the employer. It is likely that a significant amount of the penalty notices being handed out originate with key misunderstandings of just what an employer needs to do.
What if an employee changes jobs?
Another question that is likely to become more of a concern for both employers and workers as time goes on is the issue of what happens when people change jobs. The idea of having a job for life is becoming increasingly outdated and the average person could have worked for many different employers by the time they retire.
The potential problem comes with the idea that an employer will need to be auto-enrolled in each new job. Unless all of their various pots can be easily consolidated they are likely to be left with a number of smaller pots.
Not only is this harder to manage, but the potential to lose track of details is significant. According to the Department for Work and Pensions, there is currently somewhere in the region of £3 billion gathering dust in ‘lost’ pension pots. The government estimates that by 2050 there could be 50 million dormant pension pots worth £757billion.
In anticipation of this problem, the government is beginning to implement a system of automatic pension transfers (or pot follows member) that will theoretically allow an individual to consolidate separate pots. The system will begin in autumn 2016 through initially offering people the option, with a view to introducing automatic transfers at some point after that.
We can help you set up and run auto-enrolment in your business contact us for further information.
The information contained above is provided for information purposes only and is not intended to amount to advice on which reliance should be placed. We therefore disclaim all liability and responsibility arising from any reliance placed on such information. Professional advice should be obtained before taking or refraining from taking any action as a result of the above contents.